Clinical significance of umami taste and umami-related gene expression analysis for the objective assessment of umami taste loss

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Loss of umami taste sensation affects quality of life and causes weight loss and health problems, particularly in the elderly. We recently expanded the use of the filter paper disc method to include assessment of umami taste sensitivity, using monosodium glutamate as the test solution. This test showed high diagnostic performance for discriminating between normal taste function and disorders in sensation of the umami taste, according to established cut-off values. The test also revealed: (1) some elderly patients suffered from specific loss of umami taste sensation with preservation of the other four taste sensations (sweet, salty, sour, and bitter); (2) umami taste disorder caused a loss of appetite and decline in weight, resulting in poor health; (3) appetite, weight and overall health improved after appropriate treatment for umami taste disorder. Because of the subjective nature of the test, however, it may not be useful for patients who cannot express which taste sensation is induced by a tastant, such as those with dementia. Most recently, using tissue samples collected from the tongue by scraping the foliate papillae, we showed that evaluation of umami taste receptor gene expression may be clinically useful for the objective genetic diagnosis of umami taste disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2238-2244
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Pharmaceutical Design
Volume22
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Filter paper disc (FPD) method
  • Gene expression
  • Malnutrition
  • Taste disorder (hypogeusia)
  • Taste receptor
  • Umami taste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

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