Background: Spontaneous type 1 electrocardiogram (ECG) in the right precordial lead is a dominant predictor of ventricular fibrillation (VF) in Brugada syndrome (BrS). In some BrS patients with VF, however, spontaneous type 1 ECG is undetectable, even in repeated ECG and immediately after VF. This study investigated differences between BrS patients with spontaneous or drug-induced type 1 ECG. Methods and Results: We evaluated 15 BrS patients with drug-induced (D-BrS) and 29 with spontaneous type 1 ECG (SP-BrS). All patients had had a previous VF episode. In each D-BrS patient, ECG was recorded more than 15 times (mean, 46±34) during 7.2±5.1 years of follow-up. Age and family history were comparable between groups. Inferolateral early repolarization (ER) was observed in 13 D-BrS (87%) at least once but in only 3 SP-BrS (10%, P<0.01). Immediately after VF, inferolateral ER was accentuated in 9 of 10 D-BrS, while type 1 ECG was accentuated in 12 of 16 SP-BrS. Fragmented QRS in the right precordial lead and aVR sign were absent in D-BrS but present in 20 (69%, P<0.01) and 11 (38%, P<0.01) SP-BrS, respectively. There was no prognostic difference between groups. Conclusions: Although having similar clinical profiles, there are obvious ECG differences between VF-positive BrS patients with spontaneous or drug-induced type 1 ECG. The inferolateral lead rather than the right precordial lead on ECG may be particularly crucial in some BrS patients.
- Brugada syndrome
- Type 1 electrocardiogram
- Ventricular fibrillation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine