We investigated the indications for lung transplantation (LTx) in Japan and discussed questions regarding the current Japanese criteria of LTx. This study examined 37 patients referred to our institute for LTx. Among these patients, there were 11 cases of primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH), 6 of lymphoangiomyomatosis (LAM), 4 of Eisenmenger's syndrome, 3 of bronchiolitis obliterans, 2 each of bronchiectasis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and pneumoconiosis, and 7 of other diseases. The most frequent age group was 30-39 years (12 cases, 32.4%), and more than half of the patients were female (22 cases, 59.5%). The regions of residence of the patients were Tohoku (19 patients), Kanto (16), and Chubu (2). Patients were referred from all over eastern Japan. On evaluation, LTx was contraindicated in 5 cases, in 4 of which mechanical ventilation had been installed before consultation with us. Six patients died before registration on the Japan Organ Transplant Network (JOT). 6 transplant candidates were registered with JOT, but one (PPH) died after 6 months of waiting, and one (LAM) received a lung transplant from a brain dead cadaver donor. We propose to reform and clarify the Japanese criteria for LTx-both indications and contraindications, to include such indications as a survival probability of less than two years, and such contraindications as mechanical ventilation. Early consultation at LTx centers was hoped for, in accordance with the International Guidelines and a transplant window.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Nov|
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