Classification of ankle joint stiffness during walking to determine the use of ankle foot orthosis after stroke

Yusuke Sekiguchi, Keita Honda, Dai Owaki, Shin Ichi Izumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Categorization based on quasi-joint stiffness (QJS) may help clinicians select appropriate ankle foot orthoses (AFOs). The objectives of the present study were to classify the gait pattern based on ankle joint stiffness, also called QJS, of the gait in patients after stroke and to clarify differences in the type of AFO among 72 patients after stroke. Hierarchical cluster analysis was used to classify gait patterns based on QJS at least one month before the study, which revealed three distinct subgroups (SGs 1, 2, and 3). The proportion of use of AFOs, articulated AFOs, and non-articulated AFOs were significantly different among SGs 1–3. In SG1, with a higher QJS in the early and middle stance, the proportion of the patients using articulated AFOs was higher, whereas in SG3, with a lower QJS in both stances, the proportion of patients using non-articulated AFOs was higher. In SG2, with a lower QJS in the early stance and higher QJS in the middle stance, the proportion of patients using AFOs was lower. These findings indicate that classification of gait patterns based on QJS in patients after stroke may be helpful in selecting AFO. However, large sample sizes are required to confirm these results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1512
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov

Keywords

  • Ankle joint
  • Categorization
  • Gait
  • Orthosis
  • Quasi-joint stiffness
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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