Citrate enhances the protective effect of orally administered bismuth subnitrate against the nephrotoxicity of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum

Yukihiro Kondo, Seiichiro Himeno, Masahiko Satoh, Akira Naganuma, Taiji Nishimura, Nobumasa Imura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Attenuation of the renal toxicity of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (CDDP) is important in the use of this effective but cytotoxic anticancer agent. We have previously shown that the renal toxicity of CDDP can be efficiently reduced by the induction of metallothionein (MT) by preadministration of bismuth compounds in mice. Bismuth subnitrate (BSN) is used as an antigastric ulcer agent and as an antidiarrheic agent, and is suitable for inducing MT in the kidney in cancer patients. However, due to the low absorption rate of Bi from the gastrointestinal tract, the efficacy of BSN in inducing renal MT is low. In the present study, we examined the effects of citrate as a vehicle for oral administration of BSN on the tissue distribution of Bi and induction of MT in the kidneys and tumors in mice inoculated with Meth-A fibrosarcoma. Renal levels of MT and Bi were markedly increased in the mice given BSN dissolved in citrate solution compared with those given BSN suspended in saline. On the other hand, the use of citrate increased Bi accumulation in the tumor only slightly and did not increase tumor MT levels. Administration of BSN with citrate efficiently depressed the renal toxicity of CDDP, but did not affect its antitumor activity. Since both BSN and citrate are used clinically as pharmaceuticals, the combination regimen of BSN and citrate may be readily applicable as a countermeasure against the adverse side effects of CDDP without affecting its antitumor activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-38
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan 1


  • Bismuth
  • Cisplatin
  • Metallothionein
  • Nephrotoxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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