Chronotoxicity of streptomycin-induced renal injury in mice

Hiroki Yoshioka, Sarah Tominaga, Yasuro Shinohara, Gi Wook Hwang, Tohru Maeda, Nobuhiko Miura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of the present study was to investigate the “chronotoxicity” of streptomycin (SM) in relation to its circadian periodicity. Male ICR mice were injected intraperitoneally with SM (780mg/kg, one shot) one of six time points throughout the day. Mortality was monitored until 14d after the injection and clearly differed depending on the timing of the injection (i.e., mice were more sensitive to injection during the dark phase). Moreover, when mice were administered with non-lethal doses of SM (550mg/kg, every 24h for 3d, in the light phase or dark phase), the levels of nephrotoxicity indicators (blood urea nitrogen and renal levels of malondialdehyde and cyclooxygenase-2) were significantly increased by the injection in the dark phase, but not in the light phase. These results suggested that SM showed clear chronotoxicity. Our current data indicated that chronotoxicology may provide valuable information on the importance of injection timings for evaluations of toxicity and undesirable side effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-58
Number of pages6
JournalBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Chronotoxicity
  • Circadian rhythm
  • Nephrotoxicity
  • Side effect
  • Streptomycin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science


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