Chronic fluoxetine treatment induces anxiolytic responses and altered social behaviors in medaka, Oryzias latipes

Satoshi Ansai, Hiroshi Hosokawa, Shingo Maegawa, Masato Kinoshita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Medaka (Oryzias latipes) is a small freshwater teleost that is an emerging model system for neurobehavioral research and toxicological testing. The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor class of antidepressants such as fluoxetine is one of the widely prescribed drugs, but little is known about the effects of these drugs on medaka behaviors. To assess the behavioral effects of fluoxetine, we chronically administrated fluoxetine to medaka adult fish and analyzed the anxiety-related and social behaviors using five behavioral paradigms (diving, open-field, light-dark transition, mirror-biting, and social interaction) with an automated behavioral testing system. Fish chronically treated with fluoxetine exhibited anxiolytic responses such as an overall increased time spent in the top area in the diving test and an increased time spent in center area in the open-field test. Analysis of socially evoked behavior showed that chronic fluoxetine administration decreased the number of mirror biting times in the mirror-biting test and increased latency to first contact in the social interaction test. Additionally, chronic fluoxetine administration reduced the horizontal locomotor activity in the open-field test but not the vertical activity in the diving test. These investigations are mostly consistent with previous reports in the other teleost species and rodent models. These results indicate that behavioral assessment in medaka adult fish will become useful for screening of effects of pharmaceutical and toxicological compounds in animal behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-136
Number of pages11
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 15
Externally publishedYes


  • Anxiety
  • Behavioral paradigms
  • Fluoxetine
  • Locomotor activity
  • Medaka
  • Social behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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