Chronic exercise provides renal protective effects with upregulation of fatty acid oxidation in the kidney of high fructose-fed rats

Gaizun Hu, Lusi Xu, Yixuan Ma, Masahiro Kohzuki, Osamu Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Excessive fructose intake causes metabolic syndrome and lipid accumulation in the kidney and leads to renal dysfunction and damage. Exercise (Ex) improves lipids regulation, but the mechanisms are unclarified in the kidney. In the present study, male Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated to groups fed with control or high-fructose (HFr) diet. Part of rats in each group underwent aerobic treadmill Ex for 12 wk. Drug treatment was performed as the fenofibrate gavage during the last 4 wk on HFr diet-fed rats. Renal function, histological changes, and expression of regulators involved in fatty acid (FA) metabolism were assessed. In CON diet-fed groups, Ex did not affect renal function or histology and significantly increased renal expression of FA β-oxidation regulators including acyl-CoA dehydrogenases (CADs), acyl-CoA oxidase, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-α, and PPAR-γ coactivator (PGC)-1α and lipogenic factors including acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCα), FA synthase (FAS), and sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c. HFr caused albuminuria, lipid accumulation, and renal pathohistological changes, which were attenuated by Ex but not by fenofibrate. HFr decreased renal expression of medium- and shortchain CADs and PPAR-α and increased renal expression of ACCα, FAS, and sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c. Ex increased expression of CADs, carnitine palmitoyltransferase type I, acyl-CoA oxidase, PPAR-α, and PGC-1α and decreased renal expression of ACCα and FAS in HFr diet-fed rats. The Ex-induced FA metabolism alteration was similar to that in the fenofibrate-treated group. In conclusion, the present study indicates that Ex enhanced renal FA metabolism, which might protect the kidney in lipid dysregulation diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F826-F834
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume318
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Chronic exercise
  • Fatty acid metabolism
  • Fenofibrate
  • Fructose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology

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