We assessed the renal effects of moderate treadmill exercise in the spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) remnant kidney model of chronic renal failure (CRF). The effects of chronic administration of a specific endothelin (ET) subtype A (ETA) receptor antagonist, FR139317 (32 mg/kg/day i.p.) and an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, enalapril (2 mg/ kg/day i.p.), in combination with moderate exercise were also investigated. Eight-week-old SHR were subjected to 5/6 nephrectomy. One week after surgery the rats were divided into five groups: (a) no treadmill running; (b) moderate treadmill running, 20 m/min for 60 min (Ex) per day; (c) Ex plus FR139317; (d) Ex plus enalapril; and (e) m-Ex plus enalapril in combination with FR139317, for 4 weeks. In SHR-CRF, Ex significantly attenuated the increase in urinary protein excretion. Enalapril significantly attenuated the increase in systolic blood pressure and urinary protein excretion. FR139317 at this dose did not show any antihypertensive or renal protective effect in this model. These results suggest that moderate exercise may protect renal function in SHR CRF. They also suggest that FR139317 may not have an additional antihypertensive and renal protective effect in this exercise model.
- Endothelin antagonist
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine