Chronic effects of FR139317 and enalapril on renal failure rats with moderate exercise

M. Kohzuki, M. Kamimoto, X. M. Wu, K. Yoshida, T. Saito, T. Sato

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We assessed the renal effects of moderate treadmill exercise in the spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) remnant kidney model of chronic renal failure (CRF). The effects of chronic administration of a specific endothelin (ET) subtype A (ETA) receptor antagonist, FR139317 (32 mg/kg/day i.p.) and an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, enalapril (2 mg/ kg/day i.p.), in combination with moderate exercise were also investigated. Eight-week-old SHR were subjected to 5/6 nephrectomy. One week after surgery the rats were divided into five groups: (a) no treadmill running; (b) moderate treadmill running, 20 m/min for 60 min (Ex) per day; (c) Ex plus FR139317; (d) Ex plus enalapril; and (e) m-Ex plus enalapril in combination with FR139317, for 4 weeks. In SHR-CRF, Ex significantly attenuated the increase in urinary protein excretion. Enalapril significantly attenuated the increase in systolic blood pressure and urinary protein excretion. FR139317 at this dose did not show any antihypertensive or renal protective effect in this model. These results suggest that moderate exercise may protect renal function in SHR CRF. They also suggest that FR139317 may not have an additional antihypertensive and renal protective effect in this exercise model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S486-S488
JournalJournal of cardiovascular pharmacology
Volume31
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Endothelin antagonist
  • Exercise
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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