Chiral γ-(tetrahydropyranyloxy)allylstannane: a new chiral reagent for the asymmetric synthesis of syn 1,2-diols

Isao Kadota, Katsumi Kobayashi, Hiroshi Okano, Naoki Asao, Yoshinori Yamamoto

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    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    (2R,3S)-3-Allyloxy-3,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-methanol was prepared in high yield from tri-O-acetyl-d-glucal, an easily available and cheap chiral source. The hydroxyl group was protected as the t-butyldiphenylsilyl ether, and the allyl group was converted to the corresponding allyl stannane via formation of allyl carbanion and subsequent trapping with tributylstannyl chloride. The γ-alkoxy allyl stannane 1 bearing the (2R,3S)-2-[(t-butyldiphenylsilyloxy)methyl]-3,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yloxy auxiliary at the allyl terminus was prepared by this procedure. The reaction of 1 with aldehydes in the presence of AlCl3 · OEt2 or AlCl3 gave the corresponding syn adducts 2 with high diastereoselectivities; the ratio of syn/anti > 97:3. The diastereomeric excess of the syn adducts 2, that is, the ratio 2/(2 + the (S,S) isomer of 2), varied from 85 to 94%. Removal of the protecting group of 2 gave the (R,R) diols 3. The high diastereo- and enantioselectivity in the formation of the (R,R) isomer is accounted for by an anti s′E transition state 18.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)615-623
    Number of pages9
    JournalBulletin de la Societe Chimique de France
    Volume132
    Issue number5-6
    Publication statusPublished - 1995 Dec 1

    Keywords

    • 2-diol / Lewis acid / allylstannane-aldehyde condensation / γ-(tetrahydropyranyloxy)allylstannane / anti s′
    • allylstannane / γ-alkoxyallylstannane / asymmetric synthesis / syn-1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)

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