Chemistry of the photoisomerization and thermal reset of nitro-spiropyran and merocyanine molecules on the channel of the MoS2field effect transistor

Muhammad Shamim Al Mamun, Yasuyuki Sainoo, Tsuyoshi Takaoka, Hiroki Waizumi, Zhipeng Wang, Md Iftekharul Alam, Atsushi Ando, Ryuichi Arafune, Tadahiro Komeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have explored the chemical reaction of the photoisomerization and thermal reaction of the photochromic spiropyran (SP) 1′,3′-Dihydro-1′,3′,3′ trimethyl-6-nitrospiro[2H-1 benzopyran-2,2′-(2H)-indole] molecule deposited on the atomic thin channel of a MoS2field-effect transistor (FET) through the analysis of the FET property. With four monolayers of SP molecules on the channel, we observed a clear shift of the threshold voltage in the drain-current vs gate-voltage plot with UV-light injection on the molecule, which was due to the change of the SP molecule to merocyanine (MC). A complete reset from MC to SP molecule was achieved by thermal annealing, while the injection of green light could revert the FET property to the original condition. In the process of change from MC to SP, two types of decay rates were confirmed. The quick- and slow-decay components corresponded to the molecules attached directly to the substrate and those in the upper layer, respectively. The activation energies for the conversion of MC to SP molecules were estimated as 71 kJ/mol and 90 kJ/mol for the former and latter, respectively. Combined with DFT calculations, we concluded that theId-Vgshift with photoisomerization from SP to MC is due to the upper layer molecules and the dipole moment in the surface normal direction. Based on the estimated activation energy of 90 kJ/mol for the reset process, we calculated the conversion rate in a controllable temperature range. From these values, we consider that the chemical state of MC can be maintained and switched in a designated time period, which demonstrates the possibility of this system in logical operation applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27273-27281
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Issue number48
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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