Chemiluminescent simultaneous determination of phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide and phosphatidylethanolamine hydroperoxide in the liver and brain of the rat

T. Miyazawa, T. Suzuki, K. Fujimoto, K. Yasuda

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141 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The quantification of phospholipid hydroperoxides in biological tissues is important in order to know the degree of peroxidative damage of membrane lipids. For this purpose, optimal conditions for the chemiluminescent simultaneous assay of phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide (PCOOH) and phosphatidylethanolamine hydroperoxide (PEOOH) in rat liver and brain were determined. A chemiluminescence detection-high performance liquid chromatography (CL-HPLC) method that incorporates cytochrome c and luminol as a post-column hydroperoxide-specific luminescent reagent was used (Miyazawa et al. 1987. Anal. Lett. 20: 915-925; Miyazawa. 1989. Free Radical Biol. Med. 7: 209-217). An n-propylamine-bound silica column with hexane-2-propanol- methanol-water 5:7:2:1 (v/v/v/v) (flow rate 1.0 ml/min) as eluant was used to determine both PCOOH and PEOOH, which were separated from each other and from other lipids and lipid-soluble antioxidants. High reproducibility and sensitivity as low as 10 pmol hydroperoxide-O2 were observed with a mixture of 10 μg/ml cytochrome c and 2 μg/ml luminol in 50 mM borate buffer (pH 10.0, flow rate 1.1 ml/min) as luminescent reagent and a post-column mixing joint temperature of 40°C. Using the established analytical conditions, it was confirmed that both PCOOH (1324 ± 122 pmol/g liver, 114 ± 18 pmol/g brain, mean ± SD) and PEOOH (728 ± 89 pmol/g liver, 349 ± 60 pmol/g brain, mean ± SD) are present in the liver and brain of Sprague-Dawley rats bred on a slightly modified AIN-76A semisynthetic diet for 3 months. The phospholipid hydroperoxide content in the rat liver was shown to be affected by dietary oils, but not significantly affected in the brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1051-1058
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume33
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1992

Keywords

  • chemiluminescence-HPLC
  • cytochrome c
  • dietary oils
  • lipid hydroperoxide
  • luminol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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