Chemical modification of flexible and rigid poly(vinyl chloride) by nucleophilic substitution with thiocyanate using a phase-transfer catalyst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a phase-transfer catalyst on the chemical modification of flexible and rigid poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) by substituting chloride with thiocyanate (SCN) in order to develop a new process for recycling PVC. The effects of temperature and time on the reaction of a SCN/ethylene glycol (EG) solution on PVC were investigated in the presence and absence of tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB) as a phase-transfer catalyst. TBAB was found to accelerate the dehydrochlorination of both flexible and rigid PVC, thus allowing the reaction to take place over shorter reaction times. The substitution yield and substitution/dehydrochlorination ratio were higher in the presence of TBAB than in its absence. By reducing the reaction temperature, the substitution/dehydrochlorination ratio increased, and substitution occurred more rapidly when TBAB was present. The differences between flexible and rigid PVC were negligible. Together, these results indicate that the phase-transfer catalyst TBAB is effective in accelerating the substitution of chloride by SCN. This two-phase reaction allows for the easy separation of the polymer from the solvent without using other chemicals or thermal processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-167
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Volume124
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Flexible
  • Nucleophilic substitution
  • Phase-transfer catalyst
  • Poly(vinyl chloride)
  • Rigid
  • Thiocyanate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Chemical modification of flexible and rigid poly(vinyl chloride) by nucleophilic substitution with thiocyanate using a phase-transfer catalyst'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this