Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: implications for mantle composition and processes

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Abstract

Trace-element data for mid-ocean ridge basalts (MORBs) and ocean island basalts (OIB) are used to formulate chemical systematics for oceanic basalts. The data suggest that the order of trace-element incompatibility in oceanic basalts is Cs ≃ Rb ≃ (≃ Tl) ≃ Ba(≃ W) > Th > U ≃ Nb = Ta ≃ K > La > Ce ≃ Pb > Pr(≃ Mo) ≃ Sr > P ≃ Nd (> F) > Zr = Hf ≃ Sm > Eu ≃ Sn (≃ Sb) ≃ Ti > Dy ≃ (Li) > Ho = Y > Yb. This rule works in general and suggests that the overall fractionation processes operating during magma generation and evolution are relatively simple, involving no significant change in the environment of formation for MORBs and OIBs. In detail, minor differences in element ratios correlate with the istopic characteristics of different types of OIB components (HIMU, EM, MORB). These systematics are interpreted in terms of partial-melting conditions, variations in residual mineralogy, involvement of subducted sediment, recycling of oceanic lithosphere and processes within the low velocity zone. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-345
Number of pages33
JournalUnknown Journal
Publication statusPublished - 1989 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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