Chemical acetylation of mitochondrial transcription factor A occurs on specific lysine residues and affects its ability to change global DNA topology

Yuan Fang, Masaru Akimoto, Kouta Mayanagi, Atsushi Hatano, Masaki Matsumoto, Shigeru Matsuda, Takehiro Yasukawa, Dongchon Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Chemical acetylation is postulated to occur in mitochondria. Mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM or mtTFA), a mitochondrial transcription initiation factor as well as the major mitochondrial nucleoid protein coating the entire mitochondrial genome, is proposed to be acetylated in animals and cultured cells. This study investigated the properties of human TFAM, in conjunction with the mechanism and effects of TFAM acetylation in vitro. Using highly purified recombinant human TFAM and 3 kb circular DNA as a downsized mtDNA model, we studied how the global TFAM–DNA interaction is affected/regulated by the quantitative TFAM–DNA relationship and TFAM acetylation. Results showed that the TFAM–DNA ratio strictly affects the TFAM property to unwind circular DNA in the presence of topoisomerase I. Mass spectrometry analysis showed that in vitro chemical acetylation of TFAM with acetyl-coenzyme A occurs preferentially on specific lysine residues, including those reported to be acetylated in exogenously expressed TFAM in cultured human cells, indicating that chemical acetylation plays a crucial role in TFAM acetylation in mitochondria. Intriguingly, the modification significantly decreased TFAM's DNA-unwinding ability, while its DNA-binding ability was largely unaffected. Altogether, we propose TFAM is chemically acetylated in vivo, which could change mitochondrial DNA topology, leading to copy number and gene expression modulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-108
Number of pages10
JournalMitochondrion
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acetylation
  • Mitochondria
  • TFAM
  • Topology
  • mtDNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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