Chelyabinsk airburst, damage assessment, meteorite recovery, and characterization

Olga P. Popova, Peter Jenniskens, Vacheslav Emel'yanenko, Anna Kartashova, Eugeny Biryukov, Sergey Khaibrakhmanov, Valery Shuvalov, Yurij Rybnov, Alexandr Dudorov, Victor I. Grokhovsky, Dmitry D. Badyukov, Qing Zhu Yin, Peter S. Gural, Jim Albers, Mikael Granvik, Läslo G. Evers, Jacob Kuiper, Vladimir Kharlamov, Andrey Solovyov, Yuri S. RusakovStanislav Korotkiy, Ilya Serdyuk, Alexander V. Korochantsev, Michail Yu Larionov, Dmitry Glazachev, Alexander E. Mayer, Galen Gisler, Sergei V. Gladkovsky, Josh Wimpenny, Matthew E. Sanborn, Akane Yamakawa, Kenneth L. Verosub, Douglas J. Rowland, Sarah Roeske, Nicholas W. Botto, Jon M. Friedrich, Michael E. Zolensky, Loan Le, Daniel Ross, Karen Ziegler, Tomoki Nakamura, Insu Ahn, Jong Ik Lee, Qin Zhou, Xian Hua Li, Qiu Li Li, Yu Liu, Guo Qiang Tang, Takahiro Hiroi, Derek Sears, Ilya A. Weinstein, Alexander S. Vokhmintsev, Alexei V. Ishchenko, Phillipe Schmitt-Kopplin, Norbert Hertkorn, Keisuke Nagao, Makiko K. Haba, Mutsumi Komatsu, Takashi Mikouchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

369 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The asteroid impact near the Russian city of Chelyabinsk on 15 February 2013 was the largest airburst on Earth since the 1908 Tunguska event, causing a natural disaster in an area with a population exceeding one million. Because it occurred in an era with modern consumer electronics, field sensors, and laboratory techniques, unprecedented measurements were made of the impact event and the meteoroid that caused it. Here, we document the account of what happened, as understood now, using comprehensive data obtained from astronomy, planetary science, geophysics, meteorology, meteoritics, and cosmochemistry and from social science surveys. A good understanding of the Chelyabinsk incident provides an opportunity to calibrate the event, with implications for the study of near-Earth objects and developing hazard mitigation strategies for planetary protection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1069-1073
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume342
Issue number6162
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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