Using ab initio calculations, we show that the encapsulation of Y, La, and Ac metal (M) atom stabilizes the dodecahedral fullerene anion M@ Si20- in the icosahedral symmetry. Similar to C60, it is the ideal cage of silicon and the largest that can be stabilized by an M atom. Doping of other rare earths is further shown to stabilize magnetic dodecahedral fullerenes Pa@ Si20, Sm@ Si20, Pu@ Si20, and Tm@ Si20 with 1 μB, 4 μB, 4 μB, and 3 μB spin magnetic moments, respectively, in contrast to most previous studies on M -encapsulated Si clusters in which the magnetic moment is completely quenched. The highest spin magnetic moment of 7 μB is achieved for Gd@ Si20- with half-filled 4f states. The orbital magnetic moment is also calculated and it is ∼1 μB in most cases. Neutral M@ Si20 (M=Y, La, Ac, and Gd) behaves like superhalogen and interaction with a noble or alkali metal atom leads to salt like behavior. These findings could pave way for the realization of silicon fullerenes by doping of several elements.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2006 Dec 27|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics