Recent advances in Raman spectroscopy for characterizing graphene, graphite, and carbon nanotubes are reviewed comparatively. We first discuss the first-order and the double-resonance (DR) second-order Raman scattering mechanisms in graphene, which give rise to the most prominent Raman features. Then, we review phonon-softening phenomena in Raman spectra as a function of gate voltage, which is known as the Kohn anomaly. Finally, we review exciton-specific phenomena in the resonance Raman spectra of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). Raman spectroscopy of SWNTs has been especially useful for understanding many fundamental properties of all sp2 carbons, given SWNTs can be either semiconducting or metallic depending on their geometric structure, which is denoted by two integers (n,m).
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Jul 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics