Characterization of the radiolabeled metabolite of tau PET tracer 18F-THK5351

Ryuichi Harada, Shozo Furumoto, Tetsuro Tago, Furukawa Katsutoshi, Aiko Ishiki, Naoki Tomita, Ren Iwata, Manabu Tashiro, Hiroyuki Arai, Kazuhiko Yanai, Yukitsuka Kudo, Nobuyuki Okamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: 18F-THK5351 is a novel radiotracer developed for in vivo imaging of tau pathology in the brain. For the quantitative assessment of tau deposits in the brain, it is important that the radioactive metabolite does not enter the brain and that it does not bind to tau fibrils. The purpose of the study was to identify a radiolabeled metabolite of 18F-THK5351 in blood samples from human subjects and to characterize its pharmacological properties. Methods: Venous blood samples were collected from three human subjects after injection of 18F-THK5351 and the plasma metabolite was measured by high performance thin layer chromatography. In addition, mass spectrometry analysis and enzymatic assays were used to identify this metabolite. Mice were used to investigate the blood–brain barrier permeability of the radioactive metabolite. Furthermore, the binding ability of the metabolite to tau aggregates was evaluated using autoradiography and binding assays using human brain samples. Results: About 13 % of the unmetabolized radiotracer was detectable in human plasma at 60 min following the injection of 18F-THK5351. The isolated radiometabolite of 18F-THK5351 was the sulphoconjugate of THK5351. This metabolite could be produced in vitro by incubating THK5351 with liver but not brain homogenates. The metabolite did not penetrate the blood–brain barrier in mice, and exhibited little binding to tau protein aggregates in post-mortem human brain samples. Conclusions: These results suggest that the sole metabolite detectable in plasma seems to be generated outside the brain and does not cross into the brain, which does not affect quantitative analysis of PET images.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2211-2218
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging
Volume43
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • PET
  • Radiolabeled metabolite
  • Tau

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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