Characterization of the amino acid transport of new immortalized choroid plexus epithelial cell lines: A novel In Vitro system for investigating transport functions at the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier

T. Kitazawa, K. I. Hosoya, M. Watanabe, T. Takashima, S. Ohtsuki, H. Takanaga, M. Ueda, N. Yanai, M. Obinata, T. Terasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. To establish and characterize a choroid plexus epithelial cell line (TR-CSFB) from a new type of transgenic rat harboring the temperature-sensitive simian virus 40 (ts SV 40) large T-antigen gene (Tg rat). Methods. Choroid plexus epithelial cells were isolated from the Tg rat and cultured on a collagen-coated dish at 37°C during the first period of 3 days. Cells were subsequently cultured at 33°C to activate large T-antigen. At the third passage, cells were cloned by colony formation and isolated from other cells using a penicillin cup. Results. Five immortalized cell lines of choroid plexus epithelial cells (TR-CSFB 1∼5) were obtained from two Tg rats. These cell lines had a polygonal cell morphology, expressed the typical choroid plexus epithelial cell marker, transthyretin, and possessed Na +, K +-ATPase on their apical side. TR-CSFBs cells expressed a large T-antigen and grew well at 33°C with a doubling-time of 35-40 hr. [ 3H]-L-Proline uptake by TR-CSFB cells took place in an Na +-dependent, ouabain-sensitive, energy-dependent, and concentration-dependent manner. It was also inhibited by α-methylaminoisobutylic acid, suggesting that system A for amino acids operates in TR-CSFB cells. When [ 3H]-L-proline uptake was measured using the Transwell device, the L-proline uptake rate following application to the apical side was fivefold greater than that following application to the basal side. In addition, both Na +-dependent and Na +-independent L-glutamic acid (L-Glu) uptake processes were present in TR-CSFB cells. Conclusions. Immortalized choroid plexus epithelial cell lines were successfully established from Tg rats and have the properties of choroid plexus epithelial cells, and amino acid transport activity was observed in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-22
Number of pages7
JournalPharmaceutical research
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Apr 25

Keywords

  • Choroid plexus epithelial cell
  • Immortalized cell line
  • In vitro model
  • L-glutamic acid uptake transport
  • L-proline uptake transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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