Characterization of thallium bromide crystals purified by the filter method

T. Onodera, Keitaro Hitomi, T. Tada, T. Shoji, K. Mochizuki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Thallium bromide (TlBr) has been regarded as candidate detector materials for the gamma-ray spectrometers operating at room temperature. In this study, a simple and rapid method, the filter method, was performed to purify a raw TlBr material used for fabrication of TlBr detectors. The material was loaded on shards of crushed quartz and installed in a Pyrex tube, and was melted using a furnace. A purified material passing through interspaces of the shards of quartz was collected in a quartz ampoule located at the outlet of the Pyrex tube. After the purification, impurities colored black extracted from the raw material remained. TlBr crystals were then grown by the travelling molten zone method both from the raw material and the purified material. TlBr detectors were fabricated from the grown crystals, and were characterized by measuring mobility-lifetime products (μτ) for carriers and gamma-ray spectra ( 137Cs) at room temperature. μτ for electrons of a TlBr detector fabricated from the purified material was around 5 times higher than that of a detector fabricated from the raw material.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2012 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, NSS/MIC 2012
Pages4131-4134
Number of pages4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 1
Event2012 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, NSS/MIC 2012 - Anaheim, CA, United States
Duration: 2012 Oct 292012 Nov 3

Publication series

NameIEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record
ISSN (Print)1095-7863

Other

Other2012 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, NSS/MIC 2012
CountryUnited States
CityAnaheim, CA
Period12/10/2912/11/3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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