Characterization of S-hexylglutathione-binding proteins of human hepatocellular carcinoma: Separation of enoyl-CoA isomerase from an Alpha class glutathione transferase form

Hiroko Kajihara-Kano, Makoto Hayakari, Kimihiko Satoh, Yoshihisa Tomioka, Michinao Mizugaki, Shigeki Tsuchida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies have revealed binding of mitochondrial enoyl-CoA isomerase (ECI) to S-hexylglutathione-Sepharose, an affinity matrix used for purification of glutathione transferases (GSTs), and the enzyme has been suggested to be identical with the Alpha class form of GST with a subunit molecular mass of about 30 kDa. In the present study, S-hexylglutathione-binding proteins of human hepatocellular carcinomas were characterized to examine their identity. Supernatant fractions of carcinoma and surrounding tissues were applied to an affinity column, and bound fractions were resolved into three proteins with subunit molecular masses/pI values of 33 kDa/7.0, 30 kDa/5.8 and 29 kDa/5.8 in addition to the well-characterized four GST subunits, A1, A2, M1 and P1, by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The proteins were further purified by chromatofocusing at pH 7.4-4.0. The 30 and 29 kDa proteins were eluted at pH 4.9 and by 1 M NaCl respectively, and could be clearly separated from each other. The 29 kDa protein exhibited a low but significant activity towards 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (4.25 μmol/min per mg of protein) and reacted with anti-(GST A1-2) antibody, suggesting that it is a member of the GST Alpha class. The 30 kDa protein did not react with anti-GST antibodies and was identified as ECI by immunoblotting and N-terminal-amino-acid-sequencing analyses. The results thus indicated that the Alpha class GST form composed of the 29 kDa subunits and ECI are two different proteins. The 33 kDa protein was eluted from the chromatofocusing column at pH 7.0 and did not react with either anti-GST antibodies or antibodies against mitochondrial enzymes involved in the β-oxidation of fatty acids. However, it exhibited a carbonyl reductase activity with menadione and ubiquinone, and amino acid sequences of its peptides cleaved by Staphylococcus aureus V8 proteinase were consistent with those reported for the enzyme. Thus this protein binding to S-hexylglutathione-Sepharose was identified as carbonyl reductase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-478
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume328
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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