Characterization of rat glut5 and functional analysis of chimeric proteins of glut1 glucose transporter and glut5 fructose transporter

Kouichi Inukai, Hideki Katagiri, Kuniaki Takata, Tomoichiro Asano, Motonobu Anai, Hisamitsu Ishihara, Mitsuhiro Nakazaki, Masatoshi Kikuchi, Yoshio Yazaki, Yoshitomo Oka

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39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To investigate the biological and biochemical properties of GLUT5, rat GLUT5 complementary DNA was transfected into Chinese hamster ovary cells. Rat GLUT5 was exclusively targeted to the plasma membrane and exhibited a transport activity, not for glucose, but for fructose. The affinity for fructose (Km = 11.6mM) was much higher than that of GLUT2, the other glucose transporter with fructose transport activity. Interestingly, rat GLUT5 was not photolabeled with 0.5 microM cytochalasin B, whereas a similar amount of GLUT1 was adequately photolabeled under the same experimental conditions. Next, to investigate the domains required for transport of glucose/fructose in GLUT1 and/or GLUT5, several chimeric GLUT1/GLUT5 proteins were expressed, and their glucose and/or fructose transport activities were studied. The intracellular middle loop and the region encompassing the membrane spanning domains 7-12 were observed to have crucial roles in GLUT1 glucose transport, whereas replacement of the N-terminal half or the intracellular C-terminal region with the corresponding region of GLUT5 produced no marked effects on glucose transport activity. In contrast, both the N-terminal half encompassing the region from the N-terminus through the 6th membrane spanning domain and the intracellular C-terminal region were mandatory for GLUT5 fructose transport. In conclusion, GLUT5 is a transporter exclusively for fructose and the structural requirements for fructose transport are more stringent than those for glucose transport among hexose transporter proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4850-4857
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrinology
Volume136
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Nov
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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