Characterization of oxide film on the surface of SCC in PLR pipe by micro raman spectroscopy and its implication to crack growth characteristics at Onagawa nuclear power plant

Akira Kai, Tadashi Tatsuki, Michael P. Short, Yuichiro Terayama, Takeshi Watanabe, Tetsuo Shoji

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Micro Raman Spectroscopy (MRS) is known as one of the most convenient techniques for surface analysis. In this study, a MRS system was applied to analyze oxides on a stress corrosion cracking (SCC) fracture surface at the site of a nuclear power plant in Onagawa, Japan. The sample was cut from a cracked component of the Primary Loop Recirculation (PLR) Pipe of the Onagawa Nuclear Power Plant in operation for 14.6 EFPY. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX) were also applied for observation and elemental analysis of the fracture surface. The oxide film on the fracture surface and the oxide particles on the film were observed with SEM. These oxides were identified as one or more of the following spinel oxides: NiFe 2O 4, Fe 3O 4, and FeCr 2O 4. These were present over the whole crack surface. It is worthwhile to note that α-Fe 2O 3 was detected near the crack mouth and Cr enrichment in the oxides was detected at the crack tip. Although α-Fe 2O 3 formed on the surface of austenitic stainless steel exposed to oxygenated water, since conditions in the shallow crack maintained a low pH and a low electrochemical potential, Cr enrichment and a lack of α-Fe 2O 3 would be expected at the crack tip. On the other hand, when the crack opening became large α-Fe 2O 3 was observed. Since oxides formed appeared to correspond to the size of the crack opening, oxide analyses were performed on the fracture surfaces of two different size specimens. SCC was generated in these specimens with different crack growth rates in a simulated BWR environment in the laboratory. α-Fe 2O 3 was observed near the crack tip in the small specimen with a slow crack growth rate. A correlation between the distribution of oxides and the size of the crack opening was extrapolated. It is likely that the existence of α-Fe 2O 3 near the crack tip in the plant sample is associated with either blunting or a large crack opening caused by crack growth retardation. Finally, it is assumed that the crack in the plant sample grew in the circumferential direction rather than the radial direction since α-Fe 2O 3 was observed closer to the tip of the central part of the crack rather than to the side edge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages83-92
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec 30
Event12th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE12) - 2004 - Arlington, VA, United States
Duration: 2004 Apr 252004 Apr 29

Other

Other12th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE12) - 2004
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityArlington, VA
Period04/4/2504/4/29

Keywords

  • Micro Raman Spectroscopy
  • Primary Loop Recirculation Pipe
  • Spinel Oxides
  • Stress Corrosion Cracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Characterization of oxide film on the surface of SCC in PLR pipe by micro raman spectroscopy and its implication to crack growth characteristics at Onagawa nuclear power plant'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this