Characterization of multielectron dynamics in molecules: a multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree-Fock picture

Shu Ohmura, Hirohiko Kono, Takayuki Oyamada, Tsuyoshi Kato, Katsunori Nakai, Shiro Koseki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Using the framework of multiconfiguration theory, where the wavefunction Φ(t) of a many-electron system at time t is expanded as Φ(t)=Σ(I)C(I)(t)Φ(I)(t) in terms of electron configurations {Φ(I)(t)}, we divided the total electronic energy E(t) as E(t)=Σ(I)|C(I)(t)|(2)E(I)(t) . Here E(I)(t) is the instantaneous phase changes of C(I)(t) regarded as a configurational energy associated with Φ(I)(t). We then newly defined two types of time-dependent states: (i) a state at which the rates of population transfer among configurations are all zero; (ii) a state at which {E(I)(t)} associated with the quantum phases of C(I)(t) are all the same. We call the former time-dependent state a classical stationary state by analogy with the stationary (steady) states of classical reaction rate equations and the latter one a quantum stationary state. The conditions (i) and (ii) are satisfied simultaneously for the conventional stationary state in quantum mechanics. We numerically found for a LiH molecule interacting with a near-infrared (IR) field ε(t) that the condition (i) is satisfied whenever the average velocity of electrons is zero and the condition (ii) is satisfied whenever the average acceleration is zero. We also derived the chemical potentials μ(j)(t) for time-dependent natural orbitals ϕ(j)(t) of a many-electron system. The analysis of the electron dynamics of LiH indicated that the temporal change in Δμ(j)(t) ≡ μ(j)(t) + ε(t) · d(j)(t) - μ(j)(0) correlates with the motion of the dipole moment of ϕ(j)(t), d(j)(t). The values Δμ(j)(t) are much larger than the energy ζ(j)(t) directly supplied to ϕ(j)(t) by the field, suggesting that valence electrons exchange energy with inner shell electrons. For H2 in an intense near-IR field, the ionization efficiency of ϕ(j)(t) is correlated with Δμ(j)(t). Comparing Δμ(j)(t) to ζ(j)(t), we found that energy accepting orbitals of Δμ(j)(t) > ζ(j)(t) indicate high ionization efficiency. The difference between Δμ(j)(t) and ζ(j)(t) is significantly affected by electron-electron interactions in real time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114105
Pages (from-to)114105
Number of pages1
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sep 21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Characterization of multielectron dynamics in molecules: a multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree-Fock picture'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this