To characterize laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) pulse waveform parameters for ocular circulation evaluation, a multicenter, prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted in 111 eyes of 86 healthy Japanese individuals. Optic nerve head (ONH) tissue-area, vessel-area mean blur rate (MT and MV, respectively), and MT and MV pulse waveform parameters were obtained using LSFG and ONH structural parameters using planimetry. Multivariate linear mixed-effects modeled regression analysis identified factors contributing to MT- or MV-waveforms using age, gender, smoking history, body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, intraocular pressure, axial length, disc, rim, and β-peripapillary atrophy areas, MT or MV, central retinal artery, and vein equivalents (CRAE and CRVE) as explanatory variables. MT- and MV-waveforms significantly correlated with one or more systemic factors, consistent with previous studies. Following confounding factor adjustment, MT-Skew significantly negatively correlated with β-PPA area (P = 0.026); MT- and MV-flow acceleration index positively correlated with CRAE, MT, and MV (P = 0.041–< 0.001), compatible with these parameters’ observed correlations to systemic factors. Significantly negative correlations of the blowout score and acceleration time index to CRAE partly conflicted with their correlations to systemic factors, and other waveform parameters showed little correlation to ocular factors. Thus, Skew and flow acceleration index assisted the in vivo ocular circulation characterization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas