Characteristics of two-stacked intrinsic Josephson junctions with a submicron loop on a Bi2Sr2CaCu2O 8+δ (Bi-2212) single crystal whisker

S. J. Kim, T. Hatano, G. S. Kim, H. Y. Kim, M. Nagao, K. Inomata, K. S. Yun, Y. Takano, S. Arisawa, A. Ishii, S. Takahashi, J. Chen, K. Nakajima, T. Yamashita

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17 Citations (Scopus)


We report on serial dc superconducting quantum interference devices (dc SQUIDs) arrays of two-stacked intrinsic Josephson junctions (IJJs) on a Bi 2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ (Bi-2212) whisker with a submicron hole fabricated by a 3-D focused ion beam (FIB) etching method. The junction area, the number of elementary junctions, and the loop area of the SQUIDs are 3, 20, and 0.42 μm2, respectively. The SQUIDs show typical I-V characteristics of IJJs with a critical current I C of 12 A at 4.2 K. The modulation parameter βL( = 2ICL/Φ0) is 6.4, and the inductance L of the SQUID is 1120 pH. That includes the inductances of the elementary junction around a SQUID loop. In a strong magnetic field, the Fraunhofer pattern is obtained and well fitted to the calculated value from the junction size; ΔB = Φ0/tW; t is the interlayer distance; and W is the junction width. In a low magnetic field, modulation depth of approximately 10% of the I C corresponding to the value of βL is observed. The modulation period of 80 G approximately agrees with the value calculated from the SQUID.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1401-1405
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue numberSPEC. ISS.
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct
Externally publishedYes


  • BiSrCaCuO (Bi-2212)
  • Dc SQUID
  • Intrinsic Josephson junction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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