Characteristics of Tsunamis propagating over oceanic ridges: Numerical simulation of the 1996 Irian Jaya earthquake Tsunami

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 1996 Irian Jaya earthquake tsunami was simulated by using the numerical model based on the linear long wave theory including Coriolis force in the spherical coordinate system. The numerical modeling result at Chichijima is in good agreement with the observed tide gauge data. The distinctive oscillation at Chichijima can be interpreted as the formation of boundary waves, so called ridge waves that are excited on the South-Honshu ridge. The mechanism of tsunami propagation trapped on an oceanic ridge is analyzed with the simple ridge model. The result explains the characteristics of ridge waves excited on the South-Honshu ridge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-229
Number of pages17
JournalNatural Hazards
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Dec 6

Keywords

  • Boundary waves
  • Linear long wave theory
  • Oceanic ridge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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