Characteristics of Tissue Ultraweak Chemiluminescence in Rats Fed with Autoxidized Linseed Oil

Teruo Miyazawa, Takashi Kaneda, Choichi Takyu, Humio Inaba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

After 2 days of oral administration of autoxidized linseed oil (AOLO; peroxide value 1,000 meq/kg, 0.3ml/rat/day), ultraweak chemiluminescence (CL) spontaneously emitted from rat liver homogenate increased up to about three times accompanying the accumulation of thiobarbituric acid (TBA) reactive products. This liver CL was quenched effectively by the in vitro addition of free radical scavengers, e.g. butyl hydroxytoluene, d-α-tocopherol and 2,5-diphenylfuran, while superoxide dismutase, catalase and D-mannitol gave only neghgible inhibitions on AOLO-induced liver CL. The luminescence spectrum recorded by a filter spectral analyzing method gave definitive two emission peaks at 585 and 635 nm and broad emission band around 500-560 nm. The spectrum was similar to that reported for a singlet molecular oxygen. In the experiment of successive AOLO administration (0.3ml/rat/day) for 10 days, a large increase in CL intensities and TBA reactants in various tissues was observed, especially on the 2nd day to the 6th day of feeding. Among them, the enhancement of CL and the accumulation of TBA reactants in liver and kidney were inhibited significantly by the oral administration of supplemental d-α-tocopherol (5 mg/rat/day). These results suggest that AOLO-induced tissue spontaneous CL originated in the occurrence of free radical species which are possibly derived from chain reactions of tissue lipid peroxidation caused by the AOLO administration to rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-64
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of nutritional science and vitaminology
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1983

Keywords

  • chemiluminescence
  • free radicals
  • lipid peroxidation
  • oxidized oil
  • singlet oxygen
  • thiobarbituric acid assay
  • tocopherol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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