To determine whether the plasma brain natriuretic peptide level increases differentially in muscular dystrophy and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, we investigated the plasma brain natriuretic peptide level and echocardiographic parameters in patients with similarly low left ventricular ejection fraction. The plasma brain natriuretic peptide level was lower, and the left ventricular end-diastolic diameter was shorter in the patients with muscular dystrophy than in those with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. The correlation between the plasma brain natriuretic peptide and left ventricular ejection fraction was shifted downward in the patients with muscular dystrophy compared with those with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Those between the brain natriuretic peptide and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter were superimposable, although the data from the muscular dystrophy patients were located at the shorter left ventricular end-diastolic diameter side. The plasma brain natriuretic peptide level may differentially increase in the two diseases with similar left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Differences in the left ventricular distension and in the physical activity might explain at least partially the different plasma brain natriuretic peptide levels.
- Brain natriuretic peptide
- Dilated cardiomyopathy
- Left ventricular ejection fraction
- Muscular dystrophy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology