Characteristics of pyrophosphoric acid proton-exchanged waveguides in LiNbO3

K. Yamamoto, T. Taniuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


The characteristics of proton-exchanged LiNbO3 waveguides fabricated using pyrophosphoric acid process are reported. Using this process, high index change waveguides with step profile have been realized. Low-loss (0.7 dB/cm) channel waveguides have been also obtained by pyrophosphoric acid process. The loss is much lower than that given by conventional benzoic acid process. We show that the reason for low-loss waveguide fabrication is due to the uniform proton-exchange formed by this process, compared with the benzoic acid process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6663-6668
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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