The characteristics of extremely high-latitude dayside auroras are examined by using auroral TV data obtained at Godhavn, Greenland, and simultaneous DMSP particle data. Two different kinds of aurora are found near the pre-noon sector, namely (1) the polar arc: this aurora is observed during quiet periods and originates from the dayside region. It is related to about 100 eV electron precipitation or less, and (2) the polar corona: this aurora is observed during disturbed periods and the appearance latitute of this aurora is confined within a certain region about 70-80° MLAT. It is related to a few hundred eV electrons. These results suggest that the origin of the polar arc seems to be the plasma mantle or low-latitude boundary layer, and the origin of the polar corona seems to be the low-latitude boundary layer or Boundary Plasma Sheet.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)
- Atmospheric Science
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)