Characteristics of nonverbal behavior in patients with cleft lip and palate during interpersonal communication

Tomoaki Adachi, Shoko Kochi, Tai Yamaguchi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    Objective: This study examined characteristics of nonverbal behavior that patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) presented during interpersonal communication. Design: This was a case-control design comparing nonverbal behavior of adult women with CLP with females without CLP. Participants: Subjects were 20 adult women with CLP and 20 noncleft control women matched for age and educational experience. Main Outcome Measures: Subject gestures and facial expressions were videotaped during interviews and analyzed with a computer-based kinematic measurement system. Results: The clinical group displayed significantly fewer head movements and a lower smile frequency than the control group. Furthermore, head and hand movements and smiles were less coordinated or congruent for the subjects with CLP than for the comparison group. Conclusions: Even slight facial disfigurement could have a harmful effect on communication behavior in female patients with CLP.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)310-316
    Number of pages7
    JournalCleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2003 May


    • Adult
    • Cleft lip and palate
    • Communication
    • Nonverbal behavior
    • Woman

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Oral Surgery
    • Otorhinolaryngology


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