Based on university-level data, characteristics of industry-university linkages in Japan were examined. The results of statistical analysis present a contrasting picture regarding the characteristics of knowledge interactions according to the size of industrial partners. On the one hand, on the basis of direct connections, university-based scientists with high research potential are linked with large firms in broad areas through highly interactive spillover channels such as joint research. On the other hand, through the intermediation of liaison offices, university-based scientists with low research potential are linked with small firms, through less interactive spillover channels such as technical consultation.
- Small firms
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Business and International Management