Characteristics of coherent forward scattering spectrometry in Faraday configuration measured with a diode laser on the 842.5 nm Ar I and 844.6 nm O I lines

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, a coherent forward scattering (CFS) spectrometer with permanent magnets in the Faraday configuration was developed. Neodymium ring magnets (Nd–Fe–B) were used to apply an external magnetic field to a radio frequency (RF) glow discharge. The effect of using a single or double magnet configuration on the transmitted CFS intensity was investigated. The resulting analytical curve of the CFS signal intensity on the Ar I 842.46 nm line rises with the 3.34 ± 0.17-th power of the argon partial pressure, which is larger than the theoretically expected quadratic slope. In addition, an 844.6 nm atomic oxygen line (33P–33S) is investigated as an example of a weak absorption transition from the short-lived lower level (lifetime = 1.74 ns). Despite the population inversion and the short-lived lower level, the absorption transition of O I 844.6 nm could be detected, and analytical curves in noble gas–O2 RF glow discharges were recorded successfully. The CFS signal intensities rose with the 1.65 ± 0.24-th power of the partial pressure of O2 in neon, with the 1.95 ± 0.05-th power in argon, and with the 2.15 ± 0.23-th power in helium. The estimated values are close to the theoretically expected quadratic dependence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-135
Number of pages9
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part B Atomic Spectroscopy
Volume125
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Argon
  • Coherent forward scattering
  • Faraday configuration
  • Oxygen
  • Permanent magnet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Spectroscopy

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