Characteristics of ClC7 Cl- channels and their inhibition in mutant (G215R) associated with autosomal dominant osteopetrosis type II in native osteoclasts and hClcn7 gene-expressing cells

Hiroshi Kajiya, Fujio Okamoto, Kimiko Ohgi, Akihiro Nakao, Hidefumi Fukushima, Koji Okabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ClC7 Cl- channels (Clcn7) are crucial for osteoclastic bone resorption and have heterozygous mutation in autosomal osteopetrosis type II (ADO II) patients. Although extracellular acidification is known to induce ClC7 Cl- currents in Clcn7-transfected oocytes, other characteristics of this acid-induced Cl- current, as well as the effects of mutant Clcn7 in ADO II, remain to be determined. The present study showed that extracellular acidification evoked outward Cl- currents in mouse osteoclasts. Expression of wild-type human Clcn7 in HEK293 cells also induced a significant increase in acid-activated Cl- currents. These acid-activated Cl - currents were independent of intracellular acidification and [Ca2+] i increase. HEK293 cells with the Clcn7 mutation associated with ADO II at G215R did not display these Cl- currents. These results suggest that osteoclastic ClC7 Cl- channels are activated under extracellar acidification and suppressed in Clcn7 mutant associated with ADO II during bone resorption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1049-1059
Number of pages11
JournalPflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology
Volume458
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jun 19

Keywords

  • Autosomal dominant osteopetrosis type II
  • Bone resorption
  • Chloride channel-7
  • Osteoclasts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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