Characteristics of basal heart rate during daily life: Relationships with age, sex, and mean heart rate

Junichiro Hayano, Yutaka Yoshida, Emi Yuda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Vast heart rate (HR) data during daily activities are being accumulated with widespread use of wearable sensors. To interpret the meaning of these HR data, the reference point of HR in individual subject is required. Although resting HR has been used for this purpose, the definition of resting HR has not been established and particularly, the effects of time of the day (circadian rhythm) on resting HR have not been considered. One of the other candidates for the reference point may be basal HR, i.e., the lowest HR in the day. In the present study, we therefore investigated the characteristics of basal HR by examining the effects of age and sex on basal HR and the occurrence time of basal HR during 24 h in 113,341 males and 140,332 females extracted from a 24-h Holter ECG database of the Allostatic State Mapping by Ambulatory ECG Repository (ALLSTAR). Although basal HR decreases with age until 20 yr old in both sexes, it increases slightly with advancing age thereafter. Although the clock time to reach basal HR appears between 02 and 05 h on average, it shows progress or delay depending on the time of life. The difference between 24-h mean and basal HR decrease linearly with age, suggesting that age-dependent decline in the increases in HR with daily activities can be detected by using basal HR as the reference point.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 11th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare, PervasiveHealth 2017
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages492-495
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781450363631
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 23
Externally publishedYes
Event11th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare, PervasiveHealth 2017 - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 2017 May 232017 May 26

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series

Conference

Conference11th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare, PervasiveHealth 2017
CountrySpain
CityBarcelona
Period17/5/2317/5/26

Keywords

  • ALLSTAR.
  • Aging
  • Ambulatory monitoring
  • Basal heart rate
  • Big data
  • Circadian rhythm
  • Heart rate
  • Resting heart rate
  • Sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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  • Cite this

    Hayano, J., Yoshida, Y., & Yuda, E. (2017). Characteristics of basal heart rate during daily life: Relationships with age, sex, and mean heart rate. In Proceedings of the 11th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare, PervasiveHealth 2017 (pp. 492-495). (ACM International Conference Proceeding Series). Association for Computing Machinery. https://doi.org/10.1145/3154862.3154900