Abstract: Unsteady pressure fields on a civil aircraft wing near the onset of transonic buffet have been investigated experimentally to identify flow unsteadiness that relates to the buffet onset determined by global criteria. An 80%-scale NASA Common Research Model was tested in the JAXA 2 m × 2 m Transonic Wind Tunnel at a Mach number of 0.85 and a chord Reynolds number of 2.27 × 106. The angle of attack was varied in small increments around the buffet onset angle determined by global criteria based on the lift curve and wing-root strain-gauge data. Unsteady pressure fields over the wing were measured using unsteady pressure-sensitive paint (PSP) with temperature-effect correction by temperature-sensitive paint (TSP). Characteristic pressure fluctuations, known as “buffet cells”, were observed under the off-design conditions at a bump Strouhal number of 0.2–0.5. The PSP results showed that the buffet cells arise at the mid-span wing at η ≈ 0.45, where a strong shock wave causes an initial boundary-layer separation. Phase shift distributions indicated that a pressure perturbation propagates from the inboard wing toward the outboard wing. The convection velocity and spanwise wavelength were approximately 0.5U∞ and 1.3cMAC, respectively. The angle of attack at which buffet cells first appear was found to be approximately equal to the buffet onset determined by the global criteria, indicating that the occurrence of the buffet cells is deeply related to the buffet onset for the present wing geometry. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computational Mechanics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes