Negatively charged clusters of N-monosubstituted amide molecules [(XCO-NHY)n-; X, Y = H, CH3, C 2H5] were formed by injecting slow electrons into the collision region of supersonic expansions. In addition to the dipole-bound dimer species reported by C. Desfrançois, V. Périquet, S. Carles, J. P. Schermann and L. Adamowicz [Chem. Phys., 1998, 239, 475], larger clusters up to n = 50 were created for the first time. Efficient formation of trimer anions was observed for ethyl substituted amides. With a threshold size of n = 6 or 7, prominent peaks of magic numbers were found for clusters of N-methylformamide and N-methylacetamide, whereas smoothly undulated size-distributions are developed for the ethyl substitutions. A pattern was found in the periodicity of the undulations, of which the span extends as the substituents become bulkier. A hypothetical structure for large clusters in a spiral arrangement is proposed from aspects of electrostatic interactions to make an agreement with the pattern.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry