Changing burden of HIV/AIDS to clinical settings in northern Thailand over 15 years

Panita Pathipvanich, Naho Tsuchiya, Archawin Rojanawiwat, Wolf Peter Schmidt, Wattana Auwanit, Pathom Sawanpanyalert, Koya Ariyoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We conducted a hospital-based descriptive study to describe the changing pattern of patient numbers, characteristics, and mortality rates among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in northern Thailand over 15 years. The survival status on October 31, 2010 of all HIV-infected adults who attended an HIV center in a government hospital between 1995 and 2010 was ascertained. In total, 3,706 patients were registered, 2,118 (57.2%) of which were male. The survival status of 3,439 patients (92.9%) was available. In addition, 1,543 deaths were identified out of 12,858 person-year-observations (PYO) resulting in a mortality rate of 12.4 deaths/100 PYO (95% confidence interval [CI], 11.3-13.0). An initial decline in mortality rates was observed prior to 1999, probably because of an increase in the proportion of less symptomatic patients. After the introduction of the national highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) program, a profound decline in mortality rates was observed, reaching 2.0 deaths/100 PYO (95% CI, 1.4-2.9) in 2010. Simultaneously, the number of patients on follow-up increased by nearly fourfold. Although HAART has drastically improved the survival of HIV-infected patients, the number of patients receiving therapy at this HIV clinic has substantially increased. While referral of HIV patients to general physicians' care should be urged, we cannot overemphasize the importance of preventing new HIV infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-378
Number of pages4
JournalJapanese journal of infectious diseases
Volume66
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • HIV
  • Mortality
  • Thailand

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Changing burden of HIV/AIDS to clinical settings in northern Thailand over 15 years'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this