Changes of hepatic sinusoids in experimental septicemia of rats are correlated with the production of nitrogen monoxide. A morphometrical and immunohistochemical study

Kojin Endo, Masanori Suzuki, Tohru Takahashi, Michiaki Unno, Hajime Iwasashi, Tsuyoshi Sasaki, Seiki Matsuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: Two types of experimental septic models were prepared to morphologically and histometrically analyze the changes in the hepatic sinusoid. Furthermore, the local expression of nitrogen monoxide synthetase was analyzed by immunohistochemical and immune electron microscopical studies for the purpose of investigating the involvement of nitrogen monoxide in these changes. Methodology: Using Sprague-Dawley strain male rats, two types of experimental septic models were prepared. These were a bacterial peritonitis model induced by a cecal ligation and puncture method, and a peritonitis model after intraperitoneal administration of endotoxin at 10mg/kg. Serum alanine aminotransferase and endotoxin were measured in due order. The liver tissues were sampled and examined by usual light microscopical and electron microscopical analyses. The sites of the portal and central vein regions were randomly selected, and the sinusoidal cavity/liver volume ratio was estimated by the point counting method under high magnification. In addition, the expressions of nitrogen monoxide synthetase were investigated in the collected samples of the liver, lung and aortic wall. Results: According to the histometrical analysis of the sinusoid, the sinusoidal cavity volume ratio at 6 hours after the onset increased from 0.0690±0.0147 to 0.089±0.004 in the central vein region. The ratio rapidly increased from 0.058±0.009 to 0.093±0.008 in the portal region from 6 to 12 hours after the onset. The values of serum alanine aminotransferase and endotoxin were significantly increased from 6 to 12 hours after the onset of peritonitis. The inducible nitrogen monoxide synthetase was observed in the alveolar macrophages, monocytes, and hepatic Kupffer cells from 6 to 12 hours after the onset of peritonitis. Conclusions: These results demonstrated that the sinusoidal cavity became dilated in the sepsis model and at the same time nitrogen monoxide synthetase was expressed in the sinusoidal wall-composing calls. There is a possibility that the action of nitrogen monoxide is involved in the changes in the volume of the sinusoidal cavity, suggesting the involvement of nitrogen monoxide derived from sinusoidal wall-composing cells in the hepatic dysfunction caused by sepsis in addition to nitrogen monoxide generation from Kupffer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-143
Number of pages8
JournalHepato-Gastroenterology
Volume49
Issue number43
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Hepatic sinusoid
  • Morphometry
  • Nitrogen monoxide
  • Sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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