The cytochemical changes of the Golgi stacks occurring concomitantly with cell differentiation were examined in ameloblasts of developing rat molar tooth germs using osmium impregnation and cytochemistry with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphatase (NADPase), thiamine pyrophosphatase (TPPase), and acid phosphatase (Acpase). NADPase, TPPase, and Acpase activites were already present in the Golgi stacks of the inner enamel epithelial cells, the undifferentiated form of the ameloblast: NADPase activity existed in the medial Golgi cisternae, TPPase activity in the trans Golgi cisternae, and Acpase activity in almost all cisternae and strongly in the trans‐most cisterna of the Golgi stack. At this stage, however, osmium deposits after impregnation were not observed in the cisterna of Golgi stacks but were present in some small vesicles. These vesicles were located throughout the cytoplasm. Osmiophilic cisternae in the Golgi stacks were apparent for the first time at the stage when the Golgi apparatus developed and migrated to the region distal to the nucleus with the progression of cell differentiation. These findings indicate that the cis subcompartment of the Golgi apparatus was incomplete in the inner enamel epithelial cells with regard to appearance of its cytochemical property, as compared with the medial and trans subcom partments. It is suggested that the cis compartment of the Golgi stack may be completed only in the last stage of the compartmentalized Golgi organization during differentiation of the ameloblast.© Willey‐Liss, Inc.
- Cell differentiation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)