Changes in the volumes of the brain and cerebrospinal fluid spaces after shunt surgery in idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus

Kotaro Hiraoka, Hiroshi Yamasaki, Masahito Takagi, Makoto Saito, Yoshiyuki Nishio, Osamu Iizuka, Shigenori Kanno, Hirokazu Kikuchi, Takeo Kondo, Etsuro Mori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate volumetric changes of the brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) spaces after shunt surgery in shunt-responsive idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH), and correlations between the changes and postoperative clinical improvements. Methods: Twenty-one patients with shunt-responsive iNPH were studied. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain was performed before and 1 year after surgery, and clinical symptoms were assessed by the iNPH Grading Scale, a validated assessment tool of the triad of iNPH, the Modified Rankin Scale, the Timed Up and Go Test, and neuropsychological tests including the Mini-Mental State Examination. The volumes of the left cerebral hemisphere, infratentorial brain, ventricles, and suprasylvian and infrasylvian subarachnoid CSF spaces were measured using an MRI-based volumetric technique. Results: The volumes of the cerebral hemisphere and infratentorial brain did not change significantly after shunt surgery (p = 0.231, 0.109, respectively). The volumes of the ventricles and infrasylvian subarachnoid CSF spaces were significantly decreased (p < 0.0001, < 0.05, respectively), with a mean change rate of -26.1% and -4.5%, respectively. The volumes of the suprasylvian subarachnoid CSF spaces increased significantly (p < 0.0001), with a mean change rate of 43.5%. The decrease in ventricular volumes was significantly correlated with clinical improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-12
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the neurological sciences
Volume296
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep 15

Keywords

  • Cerebrospinal fluid shunt
  • Idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Volumetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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