Changes in cucumber root adenine nucleotide contents during calcium starvation

Tomoyuki Yamaya, Motokazu Tanigawa, Toshio Kawasaki, Hideaki Matsumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ca2+ starvation causes a remarkable increase in the level of alkaline phosphatase-isozyme which effectively hydrolyzes nucleoside di- and triphosphates but not nucleoside 5'-monophosphates, in cucumber roots (12). A comparison of adenine nucleotide contents between roots grown with or without Ca2+ was therefore attempted to see whether increased alkaline phosphatase plays a role in the regulation of nuc1eotide contents. ATP content of the Ca2+-starved roots did not significantly change during the first 3 days fo11owing the removal of Ca2+, and then rapidly decreased. On the other hand, the ATP content of the control roots increased, up to towfold, during the 3-day period, and thereafter decreased to the original level. The levels of both ADP and AMP decreased rapidly after Ca2+ starvation, while those in the control roots hardly changed throughout growth. With Ca2+ deficiency, the phosphohydrolyzing activities toward ATP and ADP greatly increased, but not toward AMP. Re-addition of Ca2+ to the deficient medium, which reverses the increase in the activity, had no effect on the ATP content. Thus, Ca2+ starvation caused a great reduction in a11 adenine nucleotide contents of the cucumber roots. It seems, however, that the changes in the nucleotides may not be directly regulated by the alkali ne phosphatase induced by Ca2+ starvation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-357
Number of pages9
JournalSoil Science and Plant Nutrition
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1982 Sep
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adenine nucleotides
  • Ca deficiency
  • Cucumber roots
  • Phosphatase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science

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