Change in Composition of Inclusions through the Reaction between Al-killed Steel and the Slag of CaO and MgO Saturation

Chunyang Liu, Xu Gao, Shigeru Ueda, Shin ya Kitamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The inclusion of CaO–Al 2 O 3 is occasionally observed during the secondary refining of Al-killed steel. In this study, MgO and CaO saturated slag was reacted with Al-killed steel in a MgO crucible, and the dissolution behaviors of Mg and Ca from the slag and the change in composition of inclusions were considered. Both the MgO and CaO in the slag were reduced from the presence of Al in the steel, and the concentration of dissolved Mg and Ca increased with the reaction time and Al concentration. When the Al concentration in the steel was 0.25 mass%, the concentration of dissolved Mg was 30 ppm or higher, whereas that of Ca was only 0.3 ppm. The initial Al 2 O 3 inclusions transformed into a MgO·Al 2 O 3 spinel, and finally changed into MgO inclusions rather than CaO–Al 2 O 3 type inclusions. When the Al concentration was 0.75 mass%, the dissolved Ca concentration increased to 0.9 ppm, and the CaO–Al 2 O 3 type inclusion with MgO was observed at 120 min. When the Al concentration further increased to 2.5 mass%, the concentrations of dissolved Mg and Ca increased to 110 and 3 ppm, respectively. The initial Al 2 O 3 inclusions transformed into MgO inclusions within 5 min, and a CaO-Al 2 O 3 -type inclusion with MgO was observed after a 10 min reaction period. Finally, all inclusions transformed into a CaO-Al 2 O 3 -type inclusion with MgO at 120 min.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-276
Number of pages9
JournalIsij International
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb

Keywords

  • Al-killed steel
  • Composition change
  • Inclusion
  • Slag and metal reaction
  • Spinel
  • –MgO inclusion O –MgO inclusion.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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