Cerebral Blood Flow after Acute Bypass with Parent Artery Trapping in Patients with Ruptured Supraclinoid Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysms

Hidenori Endo, Miki Fujimura, Hiroaki Shimizu, Takashi Inoue, Kenichi Sato, Kuniyasu Niizuma, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Bypass with parent artery trapping is an alternative treatment method for ruptured internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms when clipping or coiling is contraindicated. However, the efficacy and safety of this strategy during the acute stage of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is undetermined. Methods A retrospective review of 955 consecutive patients presenting SAH between 2006 and 2014 identified 17 patients with ruptured ICA aneurysms treated by bypass with parent artery trapping within 72 hours after the bleeding (bypass group). The 26 cases with ruptured posterior communicating artery aneurysms treated with clipping during the same period were defined as a control group (clipping group). Postoperative cerebral blood flow (CBF) was evaluated by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). We analyzed the postoperative hemodynamic status, surgical complications, and the clinical outcomes. Results Postoperative rebleeding did not occur in any of the cases. CBF in the first postoperative week in the bypass group was lower than that in the clipping group (P =.0165). This CBF decrease improved in the second postoperative week and did not differ from that of the clipping group. The incidence of acute ischemic complications was significantly higher in the bypass group (P =.0284), but the incidence of delayed cerebral ischemia did not differ between the 2 groups. The incidence of favorable outcomes at 6 months was 82.4% in the bypass group and 81% in the clipping group. Conclusions Although the transient CBF decrease with acute ischemic complications should be noted, acute bypass with parent artery trapping is safe and effective for unclippable/uncoilable ruptured ICA aneurysms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2358-2368
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Bypass surgery
  • cerebral blood flow
  • internal carotid artery aneurysms
  • parent artery occlusion
  • subarachnoid hemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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