Ceramics are generally defined as materials based on inorganic substances, and inorganic substances are substances that are not related to living organisms. This chapter discusses some ceramics that can play an important role in repairing living tissue and organs. Artificial materials implanted into bone defects are generally encapsulated by a tissue of collagen fibers and are isolated from the surrounding bone. Because of this encapsulation, artificial material cannot be fixed rigidly to the surrounding bone. This ceramic is widely used clinically in the fields of orthopedics and dentistry, as bone filler in a bulk or granular form that has a dense or porous structure. Bone defects sometimes exhibit complex shapes. Bioactive cements are useful for repairing such defects and are usually composed of powder and liquid. Various types of novel materials based on inorganic substances have been developed for biomedical applications over the last three decades. Some of them already play an important and indispensable role in repairing bone defects and in cancer treatments. New, advanced ceramic-based materials are expected to be developed for minimally invasive medical treatments in the future.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)