Ceramic microspheres for in situ radiotherapy of cancer

Masakazu Kawashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Radiotherapy is one of the effective treatments of cancers. External irradiation, however, often causes damages to healthy tissues. It has been reported that chemically durable irradiation of cancers. This glass microsphere is already clinically used for treatment of liver cancer in USA, Canada and China. The number of yttrium ions present in this glass microsphere is, however, not very large. On the other hand, P-31 can be activated to ß-emitter P-32 with a little longer half-life of 14.3 days by neutron bombardment. Therefore, it is expected that chemically durable microspheres containing a large amount of yttrium or phosphorus 20-30 μm in diameter are useful for in situ radiotherapy, when they were previously activated to ß-emitter by neutron bombardment. In the present study, Y2O3 and YPO4 microspheres were prepared by high-frequency induction thermal plasma melting method, and their structure, chemical durability and distribution in organs of rabbit were examined. The Y2O3 and YPO4 microspheres not only contained a large amount of yttrium or phosphorus but also showed high chemical durability. The Y2O3 microspheres were uniformly distributed only in their target organ and did not distribute in other organs. Therefore, they are believed to be useful for in situ radiotherapy of cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-8
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Ceramic microsphere
  • Chemical durability
  • High-frequency induction thermal plasma method
  • Phosphorus
  • Radiotherapy
  • Yttrium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Ceramic microspheres for in situ radiotherapy of cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this