CeO 2-catalyzed transformations of nitriles and amides

Masazumi Tamura, Ken Ichi Shimizu, Atsushi Satsuma

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, cerium oxides have been extensively used as heterogeneous catalysts for green organic reactions. This review describes recent progress in such reactions, with a focus on our studies on pure CeO 2-catalyzed reactions of nitriles and amides with nucleophiles (H 2O, alcohols, and amines). Hydration of nitriles to amides in water, one-pot ester synthesis from nitriles and alcohols, one-pot synthesis of N-alkylamides from nitriles with amines, and synthesis of N-alkylamides from amides and amines (transamidation) are selectively catalyzed by CeO 2 under aqueous or solvent-free conditions. Mechanistic studies suggest that a cooperation of Lewis acid site (Ce 4+ cation) and acidbase (CeO) pair site plays essential roles in the catalytic reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1397-1405
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry Letters
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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