Cell-sheet therapy with omentopexy promotes arteriogenesis and improves coronary circulation physiology in failing heart

Satoshi Kainuma, Shigeru Miyagawa, Satsuki Fukushima, James Pearson, Yi Ching Chen, Atsuhiro Saito, Akima Harada, Motoko Shiozaki, Hiroko Iseoka, Tadashi Watabe, Hiroshi Watabe, Genki Horitsugi, Mana Ishibashi, Hayato Ikeda, Hirotsugu Tsuchimochi, Takashi Sonobe, Yutaka Fujii, Hisamichi Naito, Keiji Umetani, Tatsuya ShimizuTeruo Okano, Eiji Kobayashi, Takashi Daimon, Takayoshi Ueno, Toru Kuratani, Koichi Toda, Nobuyuki Takakura, Jun Hatazawa, Mikiyasu Shirai, Yoshiki Sawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cell-sheet transplantation induces angiogenesis for chronic myocardial infarction (MI), though insufcient capillary maturation and paucity of arteriogenesis may limit its therapeutic effects. Omentum has been used clinically to promote revascularization and healing of ischemic tissues. We hypothesized that cell-sheet transplantation covered with an omentum-flap would effectively establish mature blood vessels and improve coronary microcirculation physiology, enhancing the therapeutic effects of cell-sheet therapy. Rats were divided into four groups after coronary ligation; skeletal myoblast cell-sheet plus omentum-flap (combined), cell-sheet only, omentum-flap only, and sham operation. At 4 weeks after the treatment, the combined group showed attenuated cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, and a greater amount of functionally (CD31 + /lectin +) and structurally (CD31 + /α-SMA +) mature blood vessels, along with myocardial upregulation of relevant genes. Synchrotron-based microangiography revealed that the combined procedure increased vascularization in resistance arterial vessels with better dilatory responses to endothelium-dependent agents. Serial 13 N-ammonia PET showed better global coronary flow reserve in the combined group, mainly attributed to improvement in the basal left ventricle. Consequently, the combined group had sustained improvements in cardiac function parameters and better functional capacity. Cell-sheet transplantation with an omentum-flap better promoted arteriogenesis and improved coronary microcirculation physiology in ischemic myocardium, leading to potent functional recovery in the failing heart.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-386
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular Therapy
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 3
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

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